Publication Excerpts from “Security Forces in African States: Cases and Assessment”

The following are publication excerpts from Security Forces in African States: Cases and Assessment, edited by Paul Shemella and Nicholas Tomb.

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Publisher Cambria Press Publication Security Forces in African States

Excerpt from chapter 1, “The Larger Context”

Armed forces can be used to help governments improve human security along the difficult road to prosperity, literacy, political stability, and domestic tranquility. But that is not the primary role of armies and navies. As central as security is to social well-being, good governance is largely an exercise in making distinctions between these two broad types of security, and then applying armed forces, law enforcement, and intelligence resources appropriately (in coordination with the rest of the government). Too often, the military leg of this triad—driven by fearful or misguided politicians—actually serves to diminish human security. Perhaps the most essential element of governing well is making security forces part of the solution rather than part of the problem.”

Excerpt from chapter 2 “Tools for Assessment of Security: Level 1 and Level 2”

The tools offered in this chapter can be used in various ways to evaluate how well a selected African government is governing and developing its security force institutions. Within this set of tools also lie the means to assess how well single security institutions are performing their roles and expected missions.”

[…]

“Although this framework would be useful for Western governments in their efforts to support African government reform, the most significant application would be as a method for African governments to assess themselves.

The case studies that follow will draw on the analytical tools in this chapter to discuss the efforts of those governments to govern and operate their security forces. The cases have been selected to illustrate a diversity of responses to universal security challenges. In addition to examining the unique aspects of particular countries, each case study will address specifically the following set of questions, derived directly from tables 1 through 4:

  • What is the “national brand” of the country as a consequence of the way the government uses its armed forces?
  • What are the most significant threats that must be dealt with by the security sector?
  • What are the roles of the armed forces and law enforcement forces, and how do they complement one another?
  • Into which category of political system does the country fit most accurately? To what degree do security institutions influence the government’s political system?
  • Does the governance and capacity of the security sector contribute to healthy relationships between security forces and society, as well as good governance overall? If not, why not?
  • What are the trends for security sector institutions, and are there measures of effectiveness that can be captured and tracked over time?”

Excerpt from chapter 3, “The Case of the Democratic Republic of Congo”

“The Congo is sometimes described as the heart of Africa, and like any vital organ its condition will have a fundamental impact on the broader body. With a population of 80 million people, an enormous amount of territory, and nine neighboring countries, it is the key to stability in the region. If the culture of corruption and impunity can be replaced with accountability, good governance—and democratically elected civilian control of the armed forces—the DRC could become the breadbasket of Southern Africa that it rightfully should be. If things continue as they are, the ruling elite will use the security forces to enrich themselves at the expense of the citizenry, and risk throwing the entire region into chaos.”

This book is part of the Rapid Communications in Conflict and Security (RCCS) Series (General Editor: Geoffrey R.H. Burn).

Key words

Addis Ababa

Africa Parks

African Party of Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC)

African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM)

Afrobarometer

air force

Al Qaeda

Al Shabaab

al-Bashir, Omar

Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM)

Alstom SA

Amhara

amnesty

Amnesty International

Angola

Ansar Dine

armed forces

army

Asab

authoritarian regime

bad governance

Badme War

Bardo National Museum

Belgium

Ben Ali

Benin

Berlin

Bishoftu

Boko Haram

border violation [border violation, borders violation]

Brazil

budgets

Burkina Faso

Camara, Dadis

Cameroon

capability

capacity

capacity measure [capacity measure, capacity measures]

Carter Center

Carvalho, Ana Larcher

cattle rustling

Center for Civil-Military Relations (CCMR)

Central African Republic (CAR)

Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

Cheick Modibo Diarra

child labor

child soldiers

China Poly Group

civil society

civil war

civil-military relations

climate change

coast guard

coercive force

Cold War

collapsed states

Collier, Paul

colonial history

combat experience

complementarity

Conakry

Condé, Alpha

Congo Free State

Constitution

constitutional democracy

Conté, Lansana

corruption

Côte d’Ivoire

Counter Terrorism Center (CTC)

counterinsurgency

counterterrorism

coup d’état

cronyism

culture

cyber attacks

Czechoslovakia

Darfur

Déby, Idriss

defender

defense committees

Defense Institute for International Legal Studies (DIILS)

democracy

democratic consolidation

democratic control

Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (DFLR)

democratic transition

democratization

Department of State Dignitary Protection Detail

Derg Regime

Desalegne, Haile Miriam

desertification

desired outcome

diplomacy

Dire Dawa

Doha Centre for Media Freedom

drought

Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)

drug trafficking

East Africa

Ebola

Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)

Economic Community of West African States Monitoring Group (ECOMOG)

economic development

education

effectiveness

efficiency

elections

elephants

England

environmental pollution

Eritrea

Ethiopia/Eritrea War

Ethiopian National Defense Forces (ENDF)

ethnic conflict

European Union (EU)

extrajudicial killings

extremism

Eyadéma, Gnassingbé [Eyadéma]

failed state

famine

Faure, Gnassingbé,

Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)

Federal Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission (FEACC)

female

fireman

First Congo War

flooding

food insecurity

Forces Armées de la République Démocratique du Congo (FARDC)

France

Freedom House

Gadhafi, Muammar

Gafat Armament Engineering Complex

gendarmerie

gender

Geneva Center for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF)

geography

George W. Bush

Germany

Global Political Agreement

globalization

good governance

governance measure [governance measure, governance measures]

Grand Renaissance Dam

Great Lakes region

Grindle, Merilee

Grunitzky, Nicolas

guardians

Gulf of Guinea

Habré, Hissène

Haile Selassie

Haleb Island

health insecurity

Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative

Hibret Machine Tools

High Council of Student Association Movements (HACAME)

Human Development Index (HDI)

human resources management system

human rights

human rights abuses

human rights groups

Human Rights Report

Hutu

ignorance

Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS)

Independent Policing Oversight Authority (IPOA)

information campaign

infrastructure

institutionalized competitive states

institutionalized noncompetitive states

institutions

insurgency

intelligence

intelligence fusion center

interagency

interagency operations

internal security forces

International Crisis Group (ICG)

invasion

Islam

Islamic Courts

Islamic State

ivory

Jasmine Revolution

jihadist

jihadist terrorism

judicial oversight

judicial review

Kabila, Joseph

Kabila, Laurent

Kabye

Kidal

King Leopold II

Kinshasa

Konaré, Alpha Oumar

Lake Chad

Lake Chad Basin

law enforcement

leadership

legal framework

legislative oversight

Liberia

Libya

locust infestations

Lomé

Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)

Mai Mai militia

major shortfalls

Malinké

maritime security

mass migration

Mbuji-Mayi

Meles Zenawi Asres

Mengistu Haile Mariam

merit-based promotion

Metals & Engineering Corporation (METEC)

military exclusion zones

Military Function High Council

military manufacturing

military operations

Military Section Committees

militias

minimally institutionalized states

Ministry of Defense and Veteran Affairs

Ministry of Internal Security

Ministry of Security and Civil Protection

Mobutu Sese Seko

Modibo Kéïta

money laundering

Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND)

Movement for the Unity and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO)

Mozambique

Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA)

Mungiki

munitions factory

N’Diaye, Boubacar

narco trafficking

National Assembly

national brand

National Conference in Lomé

National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC)

national defense

National Defense and Security Policy

national economy

national guard

National Independent Elections Commission

National Intelligence Agency (ANR)

National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS)

National Intelligence Service (NIS)

National Police Service Commission (NPSC)

National Security Council (NSC)

natural disaster

navy

Nazareth Canvas and Garment Factory

nepotism

Niger

Niger Delta

North Korea

Nye, Joseph

Olympio, Sylvanus

opposition leaders

Optimal Protection Services

organized crime

Oromia

Ouagadougou Accord

Oxfam International

peace-building

peacekeeper

peacekeeping

personal rule

Plato

Police Nationale Congolaise (PNC)

policemen

political opposition

political partisanship [partisanship]

political violence

polling

Portugal

poverty

power

Power, Samantha

President Guard Battalion

Prime Minister

private security companies

Private Security Regulatory Authority

Processing and Research Center

public disorder [“manifested in multiple categories”]

public goods

public health

public safety

Radisson Blu

rape

Rapid Response Units

rebels

reciprocity

refugees

Regional Police Commissions

Republican Guard

resource trap

resources

Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC)

risk

rule of law

Rwanda

Sahel

Samora

Sanogo, Amadou Haya

Schumpeter

Second Congo War

Secret Service

sectarian violence

security

Security Advisory Services

security companies

security sector reform (SSR)

Senegal

sex workers

sexual trafficking

sexual-based violence

Shell Oil

Sierra Leone

smuggling

Somalia

Sousse

Soviet Union

special forces

Special Forces Battalion

Spire Corp.

strategic vision

Sudan

tactical air control patrols

terrorism

terrorist attacks

Third Wave

391st Commando Battalion

Timbuktu

torture

Touré, Ahmed Sékou

Touré, Amadou Toumani

tourism

trafficking

training

Transitional National Government of Somalia (TNG)

transparency

Transparency International

Transportation Security Administration (TSA)

Traoré, Dioncounda

Traoré, Moussa

tribalism

troublemaker

trust

Tuareg

Uganda

UN Integrated Peacebuilding Office in Guinea-Bissau (UNIOGBIS)

UN Organization for Stabilization in DR Congo (MONUSCO)

UN Security Council (UNSC)

Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ)

Union of Islamic Courts (UIC)

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

United Nations

United Nations Joint Human Rights Office (UNJHRO)

United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA)

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)

United States Naval Postgraduate School (NPS)

University of Addis Ababa

University of Kara

US

US Department of State

US Special Forces

Usalama Reform Forum

vulnerability

warfighter

Warsaw Pact

Waterproof Shield

West Africa

West Virginia

Westgate Mall

white paper

wildlife poaching

World Bank

World Health Organization (WHO)

World War II

Yar’Adua, Umaru

Zaire

Zimbabwe

Title: Security Forces in African States: Cases and Assessment
Authors: Paul Shemella and Nicholas Tomb, eds.
Publisher: Cambria Press
ISBN: 9781604979817
294 pp.  |   2017   |   Paperback & E-book
Book Webpage: http://www.cambriapress.com/books/9781604979817.cfm

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Cambria Press Publication Review: African Heritage and Memories of Slavery in Brazil and the South Atlantic World

cambria-press

Congratulations to Professor Ana Lucia Araujo on yet another outstanding review of her book African Heritage and Memories of Slavery in Brazil and the South Atlantic World!

The Journal of Lusophone Studies praised the book for being “a much needed transatlantic study on Africa and Brazil has finally come alive… in this formidable volume … the ten chapters offer a compendium of well researched work” and recommends it as a “welcome addition to the bibliography on Afro-Brazilian and South Atlantic studies. It will surely provoke further studies.”

This book is part of the Cambria Studies in Slavery: Past and Present series, headed by Dr. Ana Lucia Araujo.

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Cambria Press Publication Review: Transatlantic Memories of Slavery

Congratulations to Professors  Elisa Bordin and Anna Scacchi on the glowing review of their book, Transatlantic Memories of Slavery: Reimagining the Past, Changing the Future, by the European Journal of American Studies.

Scacchi Bordin Book Cover

The following are excerpts from the book review.

“With great courage, sharp intuition and professional dedication they have tackled some of the most controversial issues of historical revision and imaginative projection linked to the slave trade all over the world. While stressing the central role of slavery in the affirmation of Euro-American modern capitalistic society, they give space to the dignity and validity of long time ignored acts of memory produced in different fields by people of African descent. The importance attributed by them to these narratives in both written or visual form, are now shown as a dialogic and no less important counterpart to the over-publicized acts of memory written by representatives of the Euro-American hegemonic platform. Through the analysis of a large sample of writings, fiction and non-fiction, films, photographs, popular culture, the authors, a group of renown scholars and artists, question the legitimacy of the kept records, showing that the problem, as William Styron maintained, is not just how to portray the history of slavery, but how ‘to wrestle with the incomplete project of freedom.’

“What appears particularly relevant in this collection is the methodological approach, a complex, comparative, transnational gaze that rightly pulls down the ideal boundaries of nation and continent, North and South America, Brazil and West Africa, and above all French, Spanish and English Caribbean – where, it should be remembered, the slave trade registers its highest peak – allowing them to shed light on the multiple ways in which difference builds up a privileged path to artistic productions. The mechanics of how slavery affected the intercultural, inter-human, inter-linguistic exchanges between different peoples finds in this broad discussion one of the best possible readings, where the textual and the meta-textual crisscross and contaminate each other; a modern approach that ignores stale categories, narrow paradigms, prefigured evaluations.”

“The fluidity achieved between disciplines, territories, languages, anthropological characterizations is happily harmonized with a captivating style, that accrues the meaning of the research and the pleasure of reading.”

Read the entire review here.

This book is in the Cambria Studies in Slavery book series (general editor: Ana Lucia Araujo).

See this book at the #LASA2016 congress. For a 30% discount, order Transatlantic Memories of Slavery now and use the coupon code LASA2016 at www.cambriapress.com.

You can also buy this book on Amazon and get free shipping.

Stay posted for more groundbreaking books!
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LASA 2016 Highlights – New & Noteworthy in Latin American Studies

We are proud to launch Dr. Gabriela Fried Amilivia’s new book, State Terrorism and the Politics of Memory in Latin America, at the LASA congress.

Fried Book Cover

This interdisciplinary study, written in a highly accessible style, will have both specialists and nonspecialists appreciating it for how it vividly brings to life the terror inflicted by the state on its people and how it continues to affect them. Tying sociology with history, psychology, and politics, this book will not only add depth to the fields of culture and memory studies but also broaden the scope of understanding for literary works which weave in trauma of Latin American history.

“A groundbreaking study for anyone interested in crimes against humanity and their haunting transgenerational legacy.” —GABRIELE M. SCHWAB, Chancellor’s Professor, University of California, Irvine

Gabriela Fried
Watch Dr. Fried discuss the book at the LASA Congress

Dr. Fried will speak about her book
at the special LASA author session
on
Sunday morning
(May 29) at 9:45 a.m.

in the book exhibit hall at the Hilton.

Mularski Book Cover

“An interesting, enjoyable and instructive example to other nations and cultures about how the powerful get to tell everyone else what their culture is even if the evidence doesn’t support it.” Sounds and Colours

Burns Book Cover.jpg

“Innovative in its transatlantic scope, and is a valuable contribution to attempts to reconsider the role and status of the poet in globalized-—and especially neoliberal-—socioeconomic context.”  A contra corriente

Currie Thompson Book Cover
“Una recomendable monografía para aquellos que quieran profundizar en el cine y la Argentina de los dos primeros mandatos de Perón (1946–55)Thompson cita numerosas y relevantes fuentes a lo largo de todo el volumen, que servirán para apoyar sus argumentos, así como para ilustrar sus ejemplos.”Hispania

Kane Book Cover

“It is entirely revitalizing to see a work devoted to the Central American avant-garde that both grounds its focus critically and keeps its focus on both the aesthetics and politics that grounded the literary production of the vanguardia in the early 20th century. A very welcomed addition to the corpus of writings on the avant-garde, valuable to students and scholars of Central American literature,and those studying the avant-garde from any region.” A contra corriente

Beck Book Cover.jpg

Carefully researched and generously illustrated, Lauren Beck’s book offers a thorough study of primary sources, both textual and visual, on the cultural construction of the enemy in Spanish culture. … The case of Spanish culture is particularly interesting because the Spaniards have been active in the creation of stereotypes of their enemies  and at the same time they have been the object of similar processes of cultural construction by other European nations.”  Bulletin of Hispanic Studies

Herrera Book Cover
Offers insightful and nuanced interpretations of selected canonical Chicana writers … focused on the interlocking structure of discriminatory discourses of classism, racism, sexism, and homophobia. Indeed, her discussion of queer Chicana motherhood and patriarchal heterosexism … offers a very productive model for critically embedding queer representations of sexual and gender formation in the context of allied ‘straight’ texts.” Contemporary Women’s Writing
Falola Sanchex Redefining Book Cover.jpg
This book will push understandings of membership and identities in Africa and the African diaspora forward though unique and insightful discussions on Pan-Africanism and African freedom, British colonialism and African spaces, the politics of Brazilian baianas, linguistic and cultural Africanisms in the Caribbean, identities in postcolonial francophone literature, and much more.
Araujo Heritage Book Cover.jpg

“The memory of slavery and the slave trade has strongly influenced how history is understood. What is remembered and why are clearly identified as major historical themes of analysis in this valuable collection.” Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies

Scacchi Bordin Book Cover.jpg

“With great courage, sharp intuition and professional dedication the editors have tackled some of the most controversial issues of historical revision and imaginative projection linked to the slave trade all over the world … Praise be to them for gathering such a relevant instrument of research, and for opening new perspectives in the field.” European Journal of American Studies

Integrating research from the various fields of humanities and social sciences is more important than ever, which is why Cambria series are interdisciplinary. Click on each series link to see the books in the series.

Cambria Studies in Latin American Literatures and Cultures
(General Editor: Román de la Campa, University of Pennsylvania)

Cambria Studies in Slavery: Past and Present
(General Editor: Ana Lucia Araujo, Howard University) 

Cambria Studies in Contemporary Global Performing Arts
(General Editor: John Clum, Duke University)

Malcolm X and Africa – New Book Released for Black History Month

In celebration of Black History Month, Cambria Press is pleased to announce the release of a seminal new book, Malcolm X and Africa, by Professor A. B. Assensoh, Professor Emeritus of History at Indiana University, and Professor Yvette M. Alex-Assensoh, Vice President for Equity and Inclusion at the University of Oregon.

Malcolm X Africa

This book is in the Cambria African Studies Series headed by Toyin Falola (University of Texas at Austin) and Moses Ochonu (Vanderbilt University).

Excerpt from the book:

Many Africans, who saw Malcolm X dressed in African clothes, described the former Nation of Islam (NOI) spokesman and confidante of the late Honorable Elijah Muhammad as being handsomely dressed. They also saw him as a true Pan-Africanist. That was after his second substantive 1964 journey to Africa as non-member of Elijah Muhammad’s NOI, and less than a year before his untimely death when he was assassinated in the Audubon Ballroom in Harlem, New York.

This is an important book for those studying Black History, American history, and Africana studies. Recommend this book to your library.

 

Essential Books on Slavery on Amazon Kindle

Here are a few outstanding Cambria Press books you can get (or give) on Amazon Kindle:

African Heritage Slavery

African Heritage and Memories of Slavery in Brazil and the South Atlantic World

by Ana Lucia Araujo (ed) $29.99

“The memory of slavery and the slave trade has strongly influenced how history is understood. What is remembered and why are clearly identified as major historical themes of analysis in this valuable collection.” —Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies

slavery

Transatlantic Memories of Slavery: Remembering the Past,
Changing the Future

by Elisa Bordin and Anna Scacchi (eds) $29.99

This study addresses the memory of slavery from a transnational perspective.  The inclusion of Brazil and the French, English, and Spanish Caribbean alongside the United States and Europe, and the variety of investigative approaches—ranging from cinema, popular culture and visual culture studies to anthropology and literary studies—expand the current understanding of the slave past and how it is reimagined today. Transatlantic Memories of Slaveryis an important book for those interested in African American, American, and Latin American studies and working across literature, cinema, visual arts, and public culture. It will also be useful to public official and civil servants interested in the question of slavery and its present memory.

Africa Heritage Slavery

Slavery, Migrations, and Transformations:
Connecting Old and New Diasporas to the Homeland

by Elisa Bordin and Anna Scacchi (eds) $29.99

This book is a timely and much-needed exploration of the intricate nature of culture and life in the African diaspora. It examines identities, collectivities, and relationships with Africa and Africans. It helps fill a gap in the field by illuminating the complex experiences of blackness in a manner that motivates readers to grapple with the nuances diaspora studies and African issues on a global stage.

See also the Cambria Studies in Slavery Series, headed by Ana Lucia Araujo
(Howard University).

Like Cambria Press on Facebook, subscribe to the Cambria Press Youtube channel, follow Cambria Press on Twitter, and Google+1Cambria Press .

Visit the Cambria Press website.

Cambria Press Book Excerpt from “Writing Contemporary Nigeria: How Sefi Atta Illuminates African Culture and Tradition”

#AfricanLit

From Writing Contemporary Nigeria: How Sefi Atta Illuminates African Culture and Tradition edited by Walter P. Collins, III:

Another major event in Sheri’s life that shows the indelible marks of Lagos on her psyche is the episode in which Sheri fights back and beats up the brigadier when he abuses her physically. Atta’s deliberate use of a biracial character (often referred to derogatorily as half-caste in the Nigerian context) to beat up a Brigadier validates the claim that it is the Lagos lifestyle, and not the color of the skin (ancestry), that ultimately affects her characters:

“Telling me I’m a whore for going out. Your mother is the whore. Raise a hand to beat Sheri Bakare, and your hand will never remain the same again. Stupid man, he will find it hard to play polo from now on ….I was raised in downtown Lagos…Bring the Queen of England there. She will learn how to fight.” (Everything Good Will Come 174)

Even Sheri recognizes that she is who she is because of her having been born and bred in Lagos. When Enitan remarks that she is unable to tell who is crazier between the two of them, Sheri quickly remarks that: “after what I’ve seen, if I’m not crazy, what else would I be?”

Writing Contemporary Nigeria is a must for all African literature collections–Order it now and click here to ask your university library to purchase it.

This book is in the Cambria African Studies Series headed by Toyin Falola (University of Texas at Austin) with Moses Ochonu (Vanderbilt University).

Like Cambria Press on Facebook, subscribe to the Cambria Press Youtube channel, follow Cambria Press on Twitter, and Google+1Cambria Press .

Visit the Cambria Press website.