Publication Excerpts from “Security Forces in African States: Cases and Assessment”

The following are publication excerpts from Security Forces in African States: Cases and Assessment, edited by Paul Shemella and Nicholas Tomb.

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Publisher Cambria Press Publication Security Forces in African States

Excerpt from chapter 1, “The Larger Context”

Armed forces can be used to help governments improve human security along the difficult road to prosperity, literacy, political stability, and domestic tranquility. But that is not the primary role of armies and navies. As central as security is to social well-being, good governance is largely an exercise in making distinctions between these two broad types of security, and then applying armed forces, law enforcement, and intelligence resources appropriately (in coordination with the rest of the government). Too often, the military leg of this triad—driven by fearful or misguided politicians—actually serves to diminish human security. Perhaps the most essential element of governing well is making security forces part of the solution rather than part of the problem.”

Excerpt from chapter 2 “Tools for Assessment of Security: Level 1 and Level 2”

The tools offered in this chapter can be used in various ways to evaluate how well a selected African government is governing and developing its security force institutions. Within this set of tools also lie the means to assess how well single security institutions are performing their roles and expected missions.”

[…]

“Although this framework would be useful for Western governments in their efforts to support African government reform, the most significant application would be as a method for African governments to assess themselves.

The case studies that follow will draw on the analytical tools in this chapter to discuss the efforts of those governments to govern and operate their security forces. The cases have been selected to illustrate a diversity of responses to universal security challenges. In addition to examining the unique aspects of particular countries, each case study will address specifically the following set of questions, derived directly from tables 1 through 4:

  • What is the “national brand” of the country as a consequence of the way the government uses its armed forces?
  • What are the most significant threats that must be dealt with by the security sector?
  • What are the roles of the armed forces and law enforcement forces, and how do they complement one another?
  • Into which category of political system does the country fit most accurately? To what degree do security institutions influence the government’s political system?
  • Does the governance and capacity of the security sector contribute to healthy relationships between security forces and society, as well as good governance overall? If not, why not?
  • What are the trends for security sector institutions, and are there measures of effectiveness that can be captured and tracked over time?”

Excerpt from chapter 3, “The Case of the Democratic Republic of Congo”

“The Congo is sometimes described as the heart of Africa, and like any vital organ its condition will have a fundamental impact on the broader body. With a population of 80 million people, an enormous amount of territory, and nine neighboring countries, it is the key to stability in the region. If the culture of corruption and impunity can be replaced with accountability, good governance—and democratically elected civilian control of the armed forces—the DRC could become the breadbasket of Southern Africa that it rightfully should be. If things continue as they are, the ruling elite will use the security forces to enrich themselves at the expense of the citizenry, and risk throwing the entire region into chaos.”

This book is part of the Rapid Communications in Conflict and Security (RCCS) Series (General Editor: Geoffrey R.H. Burn).

Key words

Addis Ababa

Africa Parks

African Party of Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC)

African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM)

Afrobarometer

air force

Al Qaeda

Al Shabaab

al-Bashir, Omar

Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM)

Alstom SA

Amhara

amnesty

Amnesty International

Angola

Ansar Dine

armed forces

army

Asab

authoritarian regime

bad governance

Badme War

Bardo National Museum

Belgium

Ben Ali

Benin

Berlin

Bishoftu

Boko Haram

border violation [border violation, borders violation]

Brazil

budgets

Burkina Faso

Camara, Dadis

Cameroon

capability

capacity

capacity measure [capacity measure, capacity measures]

Carter Center

Carvalho, Ana Larcher

cattle rustling

Center for Civil-Military Relations (CCMR)

Central African Republic (CAR)

Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

Cheick Modibo Diarra

child labor

child soldiers

China Poly Group

civil society

civil war

civil-military relations

climate change

coast guard

coercive force

Cold War

collapsed states

Collier, Paul

colonial history

combat experience

complementarity

Conakry

Condé, Alpha

Congo Free State

Constitution

constitutional democracy

Conté, Lansana

corruption

Côte d’Ivoire

Counter Terrorism Center (CTC)

counterinsurgency

counterterrorism

coup d’état

cronyism

culture

cyber attacks

Czechoslovakia

Darfur

Déby, Idriss

defender

defense committees

Defense Institute for International Legal Studies (DIILS)

democracy

democratic consolidation

democratic control

Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (DFLR)

democratic transition

democratization

Department of State Dignitary Protection Detail

Derg Regime

Desalegne, Haile Miriam

desertification

desired outcome

diplomacy

Dire Dawa

Doha Centre for Media Freedom

drought

Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)

drug trafficking

East Africa

Ebola

Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)

Economic Community of West African States Monitoring Group (ECOMOG)

economic development

education

effectiveness

efficiency

elections

elephants

England

environmental pollution

Eritrea

Ethiopia/Eritrea War

Ethiopian National Defense Forces (ENDF)

ethnic conflict

European Union (EU)

extrajudicial killings

extremism

Eyadéma, Gnassingbé [Eyadéma]

failed state

famine

Faure, Gnassingbé,

Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)

Federal Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission (FEACC)

female

fireman

First Congo War

flooding

food insecurity

Forces Armées de la République Démocratique du Congo (FARDC)

France

Freedom House

Gadhafi, Muammar

Gafat Armament Engineering Complex

gendarmerie

gender

Geneva Center for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF)

geography

George W. Bush

Germany

Global Political Agreement

globalization

good governance

governance measure [governance measure, governance measures]

Grand Renaissance Dam

Great Lakes region

Grindle, Merilee

Grunitzky, Nicolas

guardians

Gulf of Guinea

Habré, Hissène

Haile Selassie

Haleb Island

health insecurity

Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative

Hibret Machine Tools

High Council of Student Association Movements (HACAME)

Human Development Index (HDI)

human resources management system

human rights

human rights abuses

human rights groups

Human Rights Report

Hutu

ignorance

Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS)

Independent Policing Oversight Authority (IPOA)

information campaign

infrastructure

institutionalized competitive states

institutionalized noncompetitive states

institutions

insurgency

intelligence

intelligence fusion center

interagency

interagency operations

internal security forces

International Crisis Group (ICG)

invasion

Islam

Islamic Courts

Islamic State

ivory

Jasmine Revolution

jihadist

jihadist terrorism

judicial oversight

judicial review

Kabila, Joseph

Kabila, Laurent

Kabye

Kidal

King Leopold II

Kinshasa

Konaré, Alpha Oumar

Lake Chad

Lake Chad Basin

law enforcement

leadership

legal framework

legislative oversight

Liberia

Libya

locust infestations

Lomé

Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)

Mai Mai militia

major shortfalls

Malinké

maritime security

mass migration

Mbuji-Mayi

Meles Zenawi Asres

Mengistu Haile Mariam

merit-based promotion

Metals & Engineering Corporation (METEC)

military exclusion zones

Military Function High Council

military manufacturing

military operations

Military Section Committees

militias

minimally institutionalized states

Ministry of Defense and Veteran Affairs

Ministry of Internal Security

Ministry of Security and Civil Protection

Mobutu Sese Seko

Modibo Kéïta

money laundering

Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND)

Movement for the Unity and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO)

Mozambique

Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA)

Mungiki

munitions factory

N’Diaye, Boubacar

narco trafficking

National Assembly

national brand

National Conference in Lomé

National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC)

national defense

National Defense and Security Policy

national economy

national guard

National Independent Elections Commission

National Intelligence Agency (ANR)

National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS)

National Intelligence Service (NIS)

National Police Service Commission (NPSC)

National Security Council (NSC)

natural disaster

navy

Nazareth Canvas and Garment Factory

nepotism

Niger

Niger Delta

North Korea

Nye, Joseph

Olympio, Sylvanus

opposition leaders

Optimal Protection Services

organized crime

Oromia

Ouagadougou Accord

Oxfam International

peace-building

peacekeeper

peacekeeping

personal rule

Plato

Police Nationale Congolaise (PNC)

policemen

political opposition

political partisanship [partisanship]

political violence

polling

Portugal

poverty

power

Power, Samantha

President Guard Battalion

Prime Minister

private security companies

Private Security Regulatory Authority

Processing and Research Center

public disorder [“manifested in multiple categories”]

public goods

public health

public safety

Radisson Blu

rape

Rapid Response Units

rebels

reciprocity

refugees

Regional Police Commissions

Republican Guard

resource trap

resources

Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC)

risk

rule of law

Rwanda

Sahel

Samora

Sanogo, Amadou Haya

Schumpeter

Second Congo War

Secret Service

sectarian violence

security

Security Advisory Services

security companies

security sector reform (SSR)

Senegal

sex workers

sexual trafficking

sexual-based violence

Shell Oil

Sierra Leone

smuggling

Somalia

Sousse

Soviet Union

special forces

Special Forces Battalion

Spire Corp.

strategic vision

Sudan

tactical air control patrols

terrorism

terrorist attacks

Third Wave

391st Commando Battalion

Timbuktu

torture

Touré, Ahmed Sékou

Touré, Amadou Toumani

tourism

trafficking

training

Transitional National Government of Somalia (TNG)

transparency

Transparency International

Transportation Security Administration (TSA)

Traoré, Dioncounda

Traoré, Moussa

tribalism

troublemaker

trust

Tuareg

Uganda

UN Integrated Peacebuilding Office in Guinea-Bissau (UNIOGBIS)

UN Organization for Stabilization in DR Congo (MONUSCO)

UN Security Council (UNSC)

Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ)

Union of Islamic Courts (UIC)

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

United Nations

United Nations Joint Human Rights Office (UNJHRO)

United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA)

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)

United States Naval Postgraduate School (NPS)

University of Addis Ababa

University of Kara

US

US Department of State

US Special Forces

Usalama Reform Forum

vulnerability

warfighter

Warsaw Pact

Waterproof Shield

West Africa

West Virginia

Westgate Mall

white paper

wildlife poaching

World Bank

World Health Organization (WHO)

World War II

Yar’Adua, Umaru

Zaire

Zimbabwe

Title: Security Forces in African States: Cases and Assessment
Authors: Paul Shemella and Nicholas Tomb, eds.
Publisher: Cambria Press
ISBN: 9781604979817
294 pp.  |   2017   |   Paperback & E-book
Book Webpage: http://www.cambriapress.com/books/9781604979817.cfm

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Malcolm X and Africa – New Book Released for Black History Month

In celebration of Black History Month, Cambria Press is pleased to announce the release of a seminal new book, Malcolm X and Africa, by Professor A. B. Assensoh, Professor Emeritus of History at Indiana University, and Professor Yvette M. Alex-Assensoh, Vice President for Equity and Inclusion at the University of Oregon.

Malcolm X Africa

This book is in the Cambria African Studies Series headed by Toyin Falola (University of Texas at Austin) and Moses Ochonu (Vanderbilt University).

Excerpt from the book:

Many Africans, who saw Malcolm X dressed in African clothes, described the former Nation of Islam (NOI) spokesman and confidante of the late Honorable Elijah Muhammad as being handsomely dressed. They also saw him as a true Pan-Africanist. That was after his second substantive 1964 journey to Africa as non-member of Elijah Muhammad’s NOI, and less than a year before his untimely death when he was assassinated in the Audubon Ballroom in Harlem, New York.

This is an important book for those studying Black History, American history, and Africana studies. Recommend this book to your library.

 

Cambria Author & Series Editor to Watch: Toyin Falola (University of Texas at Austin) is President of the African Studies Association

Cambria Press author book review publication publisher editor Toyin Falola African Studies

At this year’s African Studies Association (ASA) annual conference, Cambria Press author and general editor of the Cambria African Studies Series, Toyin Falola (the Jacob and Frances Sanger Mossiker Chair in the Humanities and University Distinguished Teaching Professor at the University of Texas at Austin) will deliver his lecture “Emerging Themes in Contemporary African Diaspora Humanities” as president of the African Studies Association.

Dr. Falola’s most recent book Slavery, Migrations, and Transformations: Connecting Old and New Diasporas to the Homeland, which he coedited with Danielle Porter Sanchez and is in the Cambria Studies in Slavery Series headed by Dr. Ana Lucia Araujo (Howard University), speaks to this very theme. The book will be on display in the ASA book exhibit hall at the Scholar’s Choice booth.

Cambria Press Publication academic publisher
Cambria Press New Publication: Slavery, Migrations, and Transformations:
Connecting Old and New Diasporas to the Homeland
edited by Danielle Porter Sanchez and Toyin Falola

Visit www.cambriapress.com for more information.

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#ASALH100: Cambria Author & Slavery Series Editor Ana Lucia Araujo (Howard University) at 2 Sessions

Ana Lucia Araujo Historian History Slave Memory Book #ASALH100 Cambria Press
#ASALH100: Cambria Press Author & Slavery Series Editor Ana Lucia Araujo will be at the session “Slavery, Public Memory, and Reparations” on Friday at 7 p.m. (Sheraton Atlanta Hotel, 1, Georgia 10) and at the session “From Slavery to Freedom: Black Women in the Americas” on Saturday at 2 p.m. (Sheraton Atlanta Hotel, 2, Savannah 2, Level 2 Lobby).

Cambria Press Author & Slavery Series Editor Ana Lucia Araujo (Howard University) will be at two sessions at the centennial meeting and conference of the Association for the Study of African American Life and History (ASALH).

Cambria Publications by Dr. Araujo (more reviews at http://www.cambriapress.com):

Public Memory of Slavery: Victims and Perpetrators in the South Atlantic

“An important and provocative work. No other study so thoroughly chronicles the fraught and ambiguous history of memorializing slavery in the South Atlantic. Araujo’s ability to ‘read’ multiple sources – both discursive and non-discursive – makes the book truly interdisciplinary in scope. It will be a crucial starting point for all future studies of slavery and memory in Benin and Brazil.” – James H. Sweet, Journal of African History

Paths of the Atlantic Slave Trade: Interactions, Identities, and Images

“The scholarly quality of the dozen essays included here is uniformly high … The quality and variety of the contributions make this book a desirable purchase for research libraries, and scholars of the history and culture of slavery and the black Atlantic are well advised to direct their attention to the essays which best match their interests and to consult the extensive and up-to-date bibliography of primary and secondary sources with which Paths of the Atlantic Slave Trade closes. Araujo and her contributors deserve praise for putting together this exciting collection, as does Cambria Press for producing it as an attractively designed and well-laid-out volume.” – Journal of Latin American Studies

African Heritage and Memories of Slavery in Brazil and the South Atlantic World

“The memory of slavery and the slave trade has strongly influenced how history is understood. What is remembered and why are clearly identified as major historical themes of analysis in this valuable collection.” – Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies

Books in the Cambria Studies in Slavery Series:

Order by October 30 for a 30% discount on all hardcover titles
+ FREE Shipping and Handling!
Use coupon code FALL15.
Individuals and libraries can use this code.

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See the Cambria Press website for more books.

#ISA2015 Essential Titles

#ISA2015 International Relations, IR, Cambria Press, academic pubisher
#ISA2015 Essential Titles

NEW TITLE: International Relations and the Arctic
Increased global interest in the Arctic poses challenges to contemporary international relations, and many questions surround exactly why and how Arctic countries are asserting their influence and claims over their northern reaches and why and how non-Arctic states are turning their attention to the region. This first systematic study of Arctic international relations, spanning 742 pages, by the world’s leading experts in Arctic affairs demonstrates the multifaceted and essential nature of circumpolar politics.

“A fantastic and elaborate collection, this book is right on time. The good news about the present volume is that it does not simply treat the region as just another case of the application and replication of paradigmatic international relation (IR) theories. Rather, the book shall “throw light on how the Arctic as an area of study contributes to the IR discipline.’ The contributors have done a great job doing so and their efforts will be of great interest to both the Arctic studies community and IR scholars.”– Polar Record

See also

The Nigeria-Biafra War: Genocide and the Politics of Memory
“Worthy and  invaluable.” – Journal of Asian and African Studies

Made in Bangladesh, Cambodia, and Sri Lanka: The Labor Behind the Global Garments and Textiles Industries
“Insightful and perceptive.” – William Milam, Woodrow Wilson Center

The Global Digital Economy: A Comparative Policy Analysis
JUST PUBLISHED! Covers the intense growth in East Asia and the transformations in Africa.

Japan’s Shrinking Regions in the 21st Century: Contemporary Responses to Depopulation and Socioeconomic Decline
“A splendid effort, one that examines the problem at various scales—the national, prefectural, regional & local.” – Regional Studies

Climate Change Politics: Communication and Public Engagement
“A welcome collection of critical scholarship.” – Mike Hulme, University of East Anglia

Challenges to Civil Society: Popular Protest & Governance in Jamaica
“Lucid and powerful.” – Joseph Soeters, Netherlands Defence Academy/Tilburg University

Use code ISA2015 at www.cambriapress.com for 35% off all hardcover titles.

Professors, Ask your librarian to order our Platinum Library E-books. When they buy these based on your recommendations, you will receive a complimentary hardcover of the titles purchased
AND your students will enjoy free mulitple-user, concurrent e-book

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#ISA2015

#Slavery: African Heritage and Memories of Slavery in Brazil and the South Atlantic World (Ana Lucia Araujo) now available!

#slavery
#slavery: New Essential Book for scholars in slave studies, world history, Africana studies, and Latin American Studies: African Heritage and Memories of Slavery in Brazil and the South Atlantic World (Ana Lucia Araujo)

“Brazil imported the largest number of enslaved Africans during the Atlantic slave trade era […] Today, with the exception of Nigeria, the largest population of people of African descent is in Brazil […] Yet, Brazil has a complex relationship with its slave past; consequently, these complications spill over into the various dimensions of Brazil’s rich African heritage that originated from this tragic period.”
– Ana Lucia Araujo (introduction to African Heritage and Memories of Slavery in Brazil and the South Atlantic World)

This unprecedented interdisciplinary volume led by Ana Lucia Araujo (Professor of History at Howard University and general editor of the Cambria Studies in Slavery: Past and Present book series) is now available. African Heritage and Memories of Slavery in Brazil and the South Atlantic World is the first book in English to focus on African heritage and public memory of slavery in Brazil and Angola. This interdisciplinary study examines visual images, dance, music, oral accounts, museum exhibitions, artifacts, monuments, festivals, and others forms of commemoration to illuminate the social and cultural dynamics that over the last twenty years have propelled––or prevented––the visibility of African heritage (and its Atlantic slave trade legacy) in the South Atlantic region.

The book makes a very important contribution to the understanding of the place of African heritage and slavery in the official history and public memory of Brazil and Angola, topics that remain understudied. The study’s focus on the South Atlantic world, a zone which is sparsely covered in the scholarly corpus on Atlantic history, will further research on other post-slave societies.

African Heritage and Memories of Slavery in Brazil and the South Atlantic World is an important book for African studies and Latin American studies. It is especially valuable for African Diaspora studies, African history, Atlantic history, history of Brazil, history of slavery, and Caribbean history.

See also Public Memory of Slavery, Paths of the Atlantic Slave Trade and Black Women as Custodians of History.

LIKE Cambria Press on Facebook and follow Cambria Press on Twitter to stay updated on exciting news.

Visit the Cambria Press website. Download the Cambria Press catalog.

#slavery, #Brazil, #Africa, #LatinAmerica, #SlaveStudies, #Angola, #AtlanticHistory, #PublicMemory

 

 

#Humanities Scholarship – Important and Growing

Cambria Press humanities
#Humanities Scholarship is Important

An excellent article from Inside Higher Ed regarding scholarship in the humanities, in which William (Bro) Adams, the head of the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH), said on Thursday that he wants to push humanities scholarship to become more directly connected to helping address the nation’s contemporary problems. There are also encouraging numbers from today’s Inside Higher Ed article showing that from 1987 to 2013 the average annual growth rate for liberal arts or liberal studies degrees at community colleges was 4.3 percent.

To reinforce the importance of the humanities, we highlight three very different books which illuminate the value of humanities scholarship in the present and for the future.

African Heritage and Memories of Slavery in Brazil and the South Atlantic World shows how slave legacies shape the identity and culture of a nation

The Works of Arthur Laurents showcases how gender politics and the dynamics of marriage across recent decades were mirrored in the performing arts.

Modern Poetry in China illustrates how turning away from centuries of Chinese literati tradition seemed necessary in the context of a political, social, and cultural reform movement.

Books like these provide critical insights into the layers that make up the different cultures which will inevitably and increasingly converge, clash, and influence one another as the world grapples with nationalism and globalism. Guiding Cambria Press’s commitment to scholarship in humanities are leading scholars such as:

Stay posted on important scholarship in the humanities!

LIKE Cambria Press on Facebook and follow Cambria Press on Twitter to stay updated on exciting news.

Visit the Cambria Press website.

#humanities #scholarship